Steel and zinc input material
On average, the CO2 footprint of hot rolled coil in Europe is 2.08 t CO2-eq./t (source: GaBi SP43 "EU: Steel hot rolled coil"). For WTopCarb, Wuppermann uses only physically CO2-reduced hot rolled coil. As a rule, physical savings are currently only achieved via the DRI (Direct Reduced Iron) and/or the EAF (Electric Arc Furnace) route. High levels of renewable electricity and increased scrap levels are key levers to physically reduce the carbon footprint. At WTopCarb, we designate this hot strip as a low-carbon steel input material.
The average CO2 emissions of zinc are 2.51 t CO2-eq./t (source: GaBi SP43 Zinc EU28). Here, too, for WTopCarb we rely on input material with physical CO2 reduction. This is also based on the use of renewable energies and/or a high recycling share.
The galvanizing process including post-treatment, excluding steel and zinc, causes 0.007 t CO2-eq./t at the Moerdijk site in the Netherlands (WSN). The standard market process causes CO2 emissions of 0.102 t CO2-eq./t. This results in a CO2 saving of 93%. At the Judenburg site in Austria (WA), 0.010 t CO2-eq./t of CO2 emissions are produced, which corresponds to an advantage of 90%. At the Győr site in Hungary (WH), there are CO2 emissions of 0.053 t CO2-eq./t, giving an advantage of 48%. This was confirmed by the renowned Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology (UMSICHT) with an assessment of the environmental impact of the Wuppermann Group's heat-to-coat strip galvanising process in 2022.
Transports & Packing
For transports from suppliers to Wuppermann, and from Wuppermann to you, our customers, there are three options with different emission factors. Depending on the route and availability, there is the option of CO2-neutral rail transport. The CO2 footprint of the packaging is included on a flat-rate basis, with an average value per Wuppermann production site, due to its insignificance.
Calculation and certificate
Wuppermann calculates the CO2 emissions for each invoice item individually depending on the quantity of galvanized steel strip delivered, taking into account the individual weight ratio of steel to zinc. The transports from the input material suppliers to the Wuppermann sites and then from Wuppermann to the destination are also calculated specifically, taking into account distance and means of transport. The calculation methodology used in this process was tested by the Fraunhofer institute UMSICHT and its correctness confirmed. The result of the calculation is communicated in the form of a certificate issued by Wuppermann.